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Apple Inc. (official Russian writing — Apple; apple in translation from English. — «Apple») is an American Corporation, a manufacturer of personal and tablet computers, music players, phones, software. One of the pioneers in the field of personal computers and modern multitasking operating systems with a graphical interface. Headquarters in Cupertino, California.
Thanks to innovative technology and aesthetic design, Apple has established a unique reputation comparable with the cult, in the consumer electronics industry. For 2014, the company ranks first in the world by market capitalization.
legal form of ownership: open joint stock company
Year established: 1976
Founders Steve jobs. Steve Wozniak, Ronald Wayne
Location: Cupertino, California, USA
Industry: electronics, information technology
Turnover $65,23 billion (2010 tax year)
Number of employees: 63 thousand (2012)
the Name » Apple
name of the Apple comes from the English. apple (Apple), the picture of the Apple used in the logo.
Before 9 January 2007 the official name of the Corporation for more than 30 years was «Apple Computer, Inc.». Disclaimer of the word «Computer» in the title demonstrates how to change the main focus of the Corporation with its traditional PC market in the consumer electronics market.
the Name of Apple jobs offered due to the fact that in this case the telephone number of the firm was in the telephone directory directly in front of the «Atari».
«Macintosh» is sort of apples sold in the United States — your favorite variety of apples Jeff Raskin, who was the leader and developer of Macintosh before he was Steve jobs.
Apple is based in California, Steve jobs and Steve Wozniak, collected in the mid-1970s, his first personal computer processor-based MOS Technology 6502″. Selling a few dozen of these computers, young entrepreneurs received funding and officially registered the company Apple Computer, Inc. April 1, 1976.
In 1985, the company has left one of the founders, Steve jobs.
By the end of 1990-ies things Apple has deteriorated sharply, by 1997, the losses for the two years totaled $1.86 billion, the Situation changed with the return in 1997 jobs. Apple has been gradually discover new, not directly related to computer technology, markets.
In 2001, the company introduced a music player, iPod, quickly acquired popularity.
In 2003 the company opened the iTunes Store is a popular online supermarket digital audio, video, and game content.
in 2007, Apple entered the market of mobile phones with touch smartphone iPhone.
In 2010, the market was released the iPad tablet computer.
production of the iPod, iPhone and iPad, which enjoyed high demand around the world, dramatically improved the financial position of Apple, bringing the company’s record profits. In August 2011, Apple for the first time became the most valuable company in the world by market capitalization, surpassing oil company ExxonMobil. until the end of the year they again changed places, but since January 2012, Apple has managed for a long time to gain a foothold on the first line. In August 2012 she became the most valuable company in history, beating established in December 1999 at the peak of the so-called dot-com bubble, the record of Microsoft, and on 21 September 2012, Apple shares during the bidding reached its high of $705,07, capitalization amounted to $662,09 billion Since its peak in September 2012 to January 2013, the market capitalization of Apple declined to 37.6 %. And now ExxonMobil again competes with it in the first place, the most expensive public companies in the world.
In 2013, Apple was the first mass production of 64-bit ARM architecture releasing 64-bit 2-core Apple A7 microprocessor.
the Total number of staff Apple (as of 2010): 46.6 thousand people. Apple’s revenue for the 2010 fiscal year amounted to $ 65,23 billion. Apple’s net profit — 14,01 billion.
Owners and management Apple
Apple is a public company, its shares are traded on NASDAQ and the London stock exchange. The total number of issued shares at the beginning of 2011 was 921,28 million units as of 26 may 2010, the company’s market value (enterprise value) Apple has exceeded that of the company Microsoft. As of March 2011, the company’s market capitalization was estimated at $309,5 billion
In August 2011, Apple became the most valuable company in the world by market capitalization, which on August 10, was $338,8 billion As of 9 February 2012, Apple’s capitalization reached $456 billion This exceeds the total cost of the nearest competitor, Apple, Google and Microsoft combined.
February 29, 2012 market capitalization U.S. companies exceeded $500 billion
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