70 years ago, the University graduates Dave Packard and bill Hewlett was inspired to open his own business. However, they are poorly represented, what exactly will do. But just know that I want to build a company in which you will be working with like-minded people.
a Few years ago, Hewlett-Packard company posted $1.7 million for collapsing the garage adjoining the house. Strange attachment was made not just in this very garage housed the first office. With him began the history of not only the HP, but throughout Silicon valley. The official date of birth Hewlett-Packard is January 1, 1939. However, it all started much earlier. In 1934, David Packard and William Hewlett graduated from Stanford University and went to Colorado to hike the mountains and fishing. They got inspired by radioroom 20-30-ies, had the idea to open his own business. And it all started in a garage, where in 1937, with two $538 and seasoned drilling machine, Hewlett and Packard organized the first workshop of your company. The initial period of activity of the company is «cast in extremes»: Packard and Hewlett did the controllers for motor control, then the signal device to indicate the line of a violation of the rules for the local bowling alley. On the sale of these devices your friends to earn some money, but that they were not satisfied. They were looking for a device that will bring them the capital and success.
the First serial production Hewlett-Packard became the generator of sound frequencies developed by Hewlett. Interesting promotion strategy on the market, invented by friends. First, in order to attract customers, they decided to use email advertising. Secondly, the product gave the room «200 And», so that consumers have the impression that the company is not the first year engaged in similar products. The price was set at $54,40. All this, to the surprise of the founders, gave the result by mail began to receive orders with attached receipts. By the way, one of the first customers of Hewlett-Packard became the Walt Disney studios, which purchased eight oscillators for the production and distribution of musical cartoon «Fantasy». From this moment, can be considered, and began the history of the development of Hewlett-Packard. By the way, Dave Packard and bill Hewlett been friends for over 60 years, never figuring out which is more important. It is not surprising that the order of names in the name of their total company decided to ancient and democratic way «tail — heads». Even they lived nearby. In 1938, when Dave Packard and his wife Lucille moved to California, and bill Hewlett then took a cottage in two steps. This business and human Union was reminded of a knightly order in which Hulett was inspired scientific ideas, and Packard generator business solutions.
the Years of growth and the birth of philosophy
During the Second world war, the company started to develop at the expense of state orders, which helped to get Frederick Thurman is Professor and Dean of engineering at Stanford University. He was back in the early 30-ies realized what a tremendous benefit conceals link scientific research with industry. Thurman turned Silicon valley into an incubator of scientific ideas and technological innovation. Posodeystvuyut Packard and Hewlett in obtaining the first loan, he then worked for many years with them the rights of an outside consultant. Working with the defense industry, Hewlett-Packard has engaged in microwave engineering. This direction in the 40’s was the most promising, and the company quickly took the lead in this niche. In 1943 her income reached almost million mark. But decisive for the development of Hewlett — Packard was not the war, but, on the contrary, the post-war crisis, when the company lost military orders, but managed to stay afloat. Despite lower production volumes, Dave and bill hired unique specialists, many of which were cut from the ruined competing companies. Hewlett and Packard are not very clear then imagined what exactly will do. But he knew that I wanted to create a company that would work their supporters. However, it was not important, what to develop and offer on the market. This principle of the bill and David formulated as: «Management by wandering around». In English it can be translated as «multidimensional management». «Multidimensional management» effectively worked with another principle, introduced by Packard and Hewlett — «target management» company. His companions were formulated in the 30-ies. «Target management» suggested creating a system that gives employees the opportunity to work with, combining their individual interests with the common goals of the company. This approach reflected a deep respect for the owners of HP for their employees. For example, when one of them fell ill, Hewlett and Packard took care of all medical expenses and care about his family. When new buildings were erected company, take into account all the wishes of employees and the maximum demands of comfort. And when, in 1957, were issued its shares, they were primarily offered to employees who, therefore, were able to actively participate in the profits of a business HP. As once said Hewlett, they Packard «sought to establish a pipeline of hiring and firing, and the company based on highly skilled and ready for development». Packard then told: «When we are with bill Hewlett had plans for creating your own company, our interests and efforts have not been focused on the field of electronic instrumentation. However, we decided to direct our energy to make important contributions to the advancement of science, production and human well-being. It was a lofty, ambitious goal»…
From the outset, Dave Packard and bill Hewlett did not consider himself infallible. This was, oddly enough, their strength. They were confident in their success, but did not rule out the possibility of failure. The first production building Hewlett-Packard was designed in 1942 so that in case of bankruptcy, it can be converted into a grocery store. All these ideas and principles of management were merged in 1950-ies in the concept development of the company, conditionally called «path HP». It consisted of several fundamental points: a clear statement of the goals and objectives of the company, with respect to employees of any rank, the system of material incentives, social and ethical criteria of business (compulsory health insurance, standard and non-standard situations, willingness to donations and sponsorship). Then Dave Packard stated «the seven commandments HP»: profit clients, interests, development, corporate solidarity, management and citizenship. A year before his death he managed to collect records from different years and publish a book «Path HP» («The HP-Way»).
Hewlett and Packard for several decades have been remarkably prolific inventors and businessmen. They made transmitters for yachts, devices for controlling the operation of air conditioners and amplifiers for phonographs, electric sensors for bowling alleys, mechanisms to control telescopes and electronic massagers for people with excess weight. Products with the laconic HP logo can be found in medical clinics (diagnostic and therapeutic equipment), in electronics (microwave semiconductors) and in the chemical industry (gas chromatographs and spectrometers). Despite the apparent dispersion and the lack of clear marketing program, almost every product Hewlett-Packard was profitable. Much of the success was associated with one of the commandments found in the book «Path HP»: profit is the main source of power of the Corporation, but its achievement should not damage other purposes. The quality of work done is determined by the buyer. Accordingly, the most important is the quality, utility and advantages of products and services offered to the buyer.
60 years were the period of unique inventions, and she first got into the top 500 largest US companies by Fortune magazine. In the early 60’s bill Hewlett asked the engineers working in the labs of HP, to design a counting machine that would fit in the pocket of his shirt. It appeared from one of the world’s first pocket calculators. Packard later recalled: «We were not sure that this product will bring us profit. After much debate we decided that the creation of a pocket calculator pay off, if you can sell 10 thousand products. In the first year sales amounted to 100 thousand pieces». The company has also released cesium frequency standard, which allowed to measure time with an accuracy of one millionth of a second. The standard was named «flying watches», as it was actively used in space, aviation and telecommunications. In the late 60’s HP has taken a leading position in the market of business technology, developed his first computer NRA, serving as a controller for some of the measuring devices. In 1969 he was released the first operating system to a mini-computer. And in 1980 he released the first personal computer, the HP-85. Hewlett-Packard is a pioneer in the field of production printers. Models that were released in the 80’s, brought the company great success. It is HP introduced inkjet printing technology and made laser printers are more affordable for the masses. In the last decade, HP focuses on new technologies and is positioned as a supplier of integrated solutions for the Network. Once at the meeting of the top management of the company bill Hewlett said: «Listen, we moved out, because have advanced our industry. We were lucky: we were riding on the rocket, which took off. It is not our merit». After a moment of silence while everyone digested this passage, Packard added, turning to his friend and associate: «At least, bill, we did not miss this chance».
Until the death of Dave Packard is one of the first billionaires of Silicon valley — continued to live in a small house, which he and his wife built in 1957. After his death the family has released an obituary with a photo, on which he was depicted on the tractor in working clothes. In the text did not even hint that he is one of the most prominent businessmen of the twentieth century. The obituary was simply written: «David Packard, 1912-1996, farmer». William Hewlett (1913-2001) during the Second world war served as an officer of the Corps of the U.S. Army. Returning to the company in 1947, became its Vice — President. Then alternately occupied the highest posts and was acting President of HP until 1987. About the Hewlett said he was easy to contact, had a good-natured and had a sharp and penetrating mind, always helped him to quickly understand new ideas and technologies.
No Dave Packard, neither bill Hewlett were not fixated only on the business. For example, Packard two years (1969-1971) worked as a Deputy Secretary of the security Council under the administration of President Richard Nixon. And bill Hewlett was always interested in education and medicine and in the 1960s, he was a member of the General Advisory Council on foreign assistance programs States and the Advisory Council on science under the administration of Lyndon Johnson. The most concise creators of a great company described their old University friend Barney Oliver. In the letter of recommendation to the Board, awarding prizes to the founders of the well-known American corporations, he wrote: «Success did not spoil the founders of the company».
In 1966, HP has released the first in the world (according to Wired magazine) personal computer HP 2116A.
In 1968 — the world’s first desktop scientific programmable calculator HP 9100A. HP 9100A had the memory in 16 numbers or 196 commands (commands and data was recorded in the same memory space), a cathode display, and together with your printer and reader magnetic card cost $4900. When you turn off from the network memory is not erased, moreover, if the computer off of the network during the account, enabling his account was resumed from where it was interrupted. The calculator used transistor logic and was engineering a gem of its time.
In 1972, HP has released the world’s first scientific pocket calculator, the HP-35, and in 1974 the world’s first programmable calculator, the HP-65, instead of the magnetic memory used 4K dynamic RAM (DRAM).
In 1975 created the interface HP-IB interface bus), adopted as an international standard for connecting peripheral devices to the computer.
In 1977 introduced the HP-01 — a combination of wrist digital clock, calculator and personal calendar.
In 1979 she released the programmable calculator, the HP-41C, which was the first in the world alphanumeric and the world’s first expandable. Her calculator, the HP-28C for the first time in the world supported symbolic computation and graphics.
In 1984 was released budget personal inkjet printer ThinkJet and most successful laser — HP LaserJet.
In 1986, HP has offered a RISC architecture.
In 1988 came the first mass inkjet printer DeskJet.
In 1993 released «ultra-portable» PC with battery — HP OmniBook 300.
In 1994 created the brightest in the world LED.
In 1997, she won the Emmy award for contributions to the technology of video compression MPEG.
In 2002 together with Compaq, HP became mirovye leader in sales of personal computers
Today, HP offers a line of printers, scanners, calculators, PDAs, servers, workstation computers for office and home use, and also provides business services in it. Other products such as measuring equipment, electronic medical equipment and equipment for chemical analysis in the strategic division of the company in 1999 moved away from Agilent Technologies.
According to Gartner, in the 1st half of 2009 EMEA (Europe, middle East, Africa) the share of HP accounts for 40.5 % of the market of printing devices, the Canon is 16.1 %, Epson 14.4 per cent, Brother — 7.6 % and Samsung to 7.4 %.
the company’s Revenue in the 2008 financial year (ended October 31) — $118,4 billion (an increase of 13 %, in 2007 — $104,3 billion), operating income of $10,47 billion (an increase of 20.1 %, in 2007 — $8,71 billion).
HP in Russia
According to CNews Analytics, revenue vendor in Russia — $2.8 billion (2007 — $2.2 billion, which accounted for over 2 % of world income HP), growth in 2008 about 30 %. In 2008 the key growth segments — storage, blade servers, technological services, desktops and laptops. Its share in the it market in Russia is estimated at 10 %.
According to IDC, in the 1st half of 2009 Hewlett-Packard, the leader on the Russian market supply of printing devices (A2-A4) with a share of 38 % (on the basis of supply in natural terms). The closest competitors: Canon — 23 %, Samsung is 15 %, Epson — 13 %, Xerox — 6 %.
the company Also is a leader on the Russian market of supercomputers — 36 % of the market, «T-Platforms» 30,6 %, IBM 22,1 %.
article Summary: the Information economy: news, theory and practice of Hewlett-Packard, history of success, Hewlett-Packard in Russia, the PC market in Russia hp (hewlett packard)